UCSB has numerous areas that meet the definition of a confined space. Both Federal and State regulations require employers to implement practices and procedures that protect employees from hazards associated with confined space. Hundreds of workers are injured and killed each year while working in confined spaces. An estimated 60% of the fatalities have been among the would-be rescuers. Confined spaces can be below or above ground, and can be found in almost any workplace. A confined space, despite its name, is not necessarily small. Examples of confined spaces include silos, vats, hoppers, utility vaults, tanks, sewers, pipes, access shafts, truck or rail tank cars, aircraft wings, boilers, manholes, manure pits and storage bins. Ditches and trenches may also be a confined space when access or egress is limited.
The principle objective of the UCSB Confined Space Program is to ensure the health and safety of employees entering and working in campus confined spaces by:
- Identifying all campus confined spaces and determining which spaces are permit-required.
- Posting appropriate signage and providing training so that individuals recognize the hazards associated with confined spaces and will not enter a confined space unless authorized to do so.
- Implementing a permit system to ensure safe and legal entry into permit-required confined spaces.
The definition of a confined space is an enclosed or partially enclosed area, that is:
- Large enough for an employee to enter and perform assigned work; and
- Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit; and
- Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy
A permit-required confined space (PRCS) is a confined space that has one or more of the following characteristics:
- Contains or has the potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere;
- Contains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrant (e.g. water, sand, dirt);
- Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped or asphyxiated by inwardly converging walls or by a floor which slopes downward and tapers to a smaller cross-section, or,
- Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard (such as electricity, biological hazards, radiation hazards, or moving parts of machinery).
Supervisor & Departmental Responsibilities
Departments and their supervisors have the primary responsibility of ensuring the health and safety of their employees. These responsibilities include but are not limited to:
- Identifying their confined spaces and ensuring they are properly classified.
- Ensuring proper signage is posted.
- Identifying individuals who will participate in confined space entry and ensuring they have received adequate training prior to performing confined space entries.
- Ensuring safe and legal entries by following all regulatory and UCSB Confined Space Program requirements.
EH&S Resources & Services
Environmental Health & Safety (EH&S) has administrative responsibility for the UCSB Confined Space Program, and will assist departments in meeting their requirements under the program upon request. Specific EH&S Services and Resources are listed below:
- UCSB Confined Space Program Manual
- Four-Gas Training Form and Usage Guide
- Confined Space Entry Training is available online through the UC Learning Center or In-person by contacting Nick Nieberding (805.893.3743).
- UCSB Confined Space Program Compliance Checklist
- UCSB Confined Space Entry Permit
- UCSB Confined Space Entry Flow Chart
- Assistance with identifying and classifying their confined spaces as requested.
- Assistance with atmospheric testing and equipment selection as needed.
- Maintains a master list of campus confined spaces and provides centralized recordkeeping.
- List of confined space entry equipment available to departments